Ephesus is located next to the Izmir, from Istanbul 10 hours away by bus and 1 hour by plane. Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the west coast of Anatolia, in the region known as Ionia during the Classical Greek period. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League.
The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BCE), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Temple was destroyed in 401 CE by a mob led by St. John Chrysostom. Emperor Constantine I rebuilt much of the city and erected new public baths. The town was again partially destroyed by an earthquake in 614. The city s importance as a commercial centre declined as the harbor was slowly silted up by the Cayster River.
Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation. The Gospel of John may have been written here. It is also the site of a large gladiators graveyard.
Today s archaeological site lies 3 kilometers southwest of the town of Selcuk, in the Selcuk district of Izmir Province, Turkey. The ruins of Ephesus are a favorite international and local tourist attraction, partly owing to their easy access from Adnan Menderes Airport and via the port of Kusadasi.
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